Tillage Innovation Profiles


Eric and Max Kaiser, ,
Soil Type: Clay | Farm Operation: 950 acres of systematically tilled hard Napanee clay lots of stones in spots.
Years in Operation of No-till:

Tillage/Cropping System

System: No-till
Fall Tillage: none
Spring Tillage: none

Planter Make, Model and Description
  • originally a WHITE 6606 with interplants - extensively modified
  • tongue removed and frame changed/lengthened. Tongue reattached with frame levelling cylinder
  • arch frame added to rear for pulling packer when planting soys and wheat
  • wheel frames modified to accomodate larger tires to carry increased weight. Tire pressure at 14 psi
  • same planter for corn, beans and wheat
  • 6 row units on back for corn with 30 inch spacing
  • coulter unit on front of planter for planting corn
  • for beans and wheat add 2 row units to back (18 inch spacing) and put 9 more row units in the front (replacing front coulter unit used for corn) at 18 inch spacing for 17 row units at 9 inch spacing
Tillage/Coulter Dimensions:
  • corn and beans 1 3/4 inch deep max 2 inch deep.
  • 400 lbs of down pressure from springs required because of hard soil.

Fertilizer System:
Liquid In furrow: 5 Imp g/ac for corn, 7 Impg/ac for wheat, and 0 Impg/ac for soys
Dry Banded:
Additional Nitrogen on Planter: 15 Impg/ac UAN at-plant 5" off corn row with fertilizer coulter
Sidedress N: 52 lbs of N applied during planting the rest comes from cover crop. over 50% N retention from cover crop.

Producer's Comments



  • One planter for corn, beans and wheat.
  • Using row units for beans and wheat allows for more accurate spacing and depth saving money on seed and better quality plantsó130 000 seed/acre with beans.
  • Better depth control in our hard clay soils.
  • Uniformity of seeding environment.
  • One planter does not allow for simultaneous planting of two crops.
  • Change over from corn to soybean does not allow for overlapping planting windows.
  • High maintenance is necessary to get job done well on heavy clay soils.