The New Stone age is also known as the
Neolithic Period; the last phase of social advancement and mechanical
improvement among ancient people. It was described by stone tools formed by
cleaning or granulating. Also, its dependence on plants, animals, establishing
settlements in lasting villages, and the presence of such artworks as
earthenware. By 12,000 B.C. human technology entered the Neolithic era where
stone was the primary tool making material. This era began with a major revolution
that changed many peoples’ lifestyle from hunting for food to food surplus
caused by increasing agricultural production. This turning point began changing
the social, economic, scientific, technological and cultural environment
of people.