A The spread of mobile phone is affecting

A mobile phone is a
wireless handheld device that allows users to make calls and send text
messages, among other features. The earliest generation of mobile phones could
only make and receive calls. Today’s mobile phones, however, are packed with
many additional features, such as web browsers, games, cameras, video players
and even navigational systems. A mobile phone may also be known as a cellular
phone or simply cell phone.

Mobile
phones provide adolescents with a new form of social interaction where they are
able to develop and maintain their peer group with their own rules and
conventions (Auter, 2007). Various modes of communication through mobile phones
are texting, voice calls, video calls collectively makes easy for the
adolescents to communicate with each other in a variety of ways at any time or
place (Auter, 2007; Boneva, Quinn, kraut, Kiesler and Shlovski, 2006; Schiano
et al., 2002). Mobile phones have also made adolescents to relate and communicate
with one another to some degree that have replaced conventional methods of
communication through increased possibilities of making phone calls, exchanging
messages, emailing, sharing data and organising e-calendars, all of which
foster a new level of social connectedness like sharing of information,
informing and personable (Peters & Allouch, 2005).

Mobile
phone is being one of the most important integral parts in this 21st
century in everyday life only found strange when it is not present. The spread
of mobile phone is affecting people’s lives and relationship and affects the
face-to-face interaction into face-to-face-to-mobile phone-face, hence the
people changed over to include the mobile phone as a participant.

India’s
telecommunication network is the second largest in the world, based on the
total number of users. As the standard of living improves, cell phone ownership
is nearly present among the students and much of the growth in student’s cell
phone ownership has been driven by adoption among the younger students. Every
month and day new technologies are being created and today’s discoveries and
inventions quickly become yesterday’s news.These technologies capture attention
and have usability and the easiness of everyday life. Still more students are
trying to replace these electronic delights with feeling of loneliness,
isolation or boredom. It makes the worlds miles as under. Indian
telecommunication is getting rapid growth in recent years. In India 75% of
school students between 12-17 age groups have mobile phones, Krithika, Dr.S.Vasantha.

Nomophobia
is the unreasonable fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable to
use your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal or running out
of minutes or battery power. A phobia is defined as irrational fear.

 

Review of
literature

 

“The
Mobile Phone Usage among Teens and Young Adults Impact of Invading Technology” Krithika, Dr.S.Vasantha ,International Journal of
Innovative Research in

Science,
Engineering and Technology(An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization)

Vol. 2, Issue 12,
December 2013

In this study the
researcher explored the pattern
of mobile phone usage among teens and young adults in Chennai.It also
examines the extent of addictive behaviour towards the usage of mobile phone
usages, Questionnaire survey method was used toelicit the responses.
Higher secondary students and first year college students were considered as
population and simplerandom sampling technique were used to select the sample
of 201 students. The collected data were analyzed with the helpof various tools
and techniques to draw meaningful inferences and conclusion.

 

“Adolescent use of mobile phones: A social context” Dr J-F, Dr Darren Pullen, and

Dr Karen Swabey, University
of Tasmania, Australia. Australian Educational Computing, 2014, 29(1).

The study was conducted to know the connectedness and
communication with peers as an essential part of adolescents’ self identity;mobiles phones are a channel that maintains both communication and
connectedness among adolescents (aged 13-15) whereby social interactions and
connectedness are not limited by place, context or time. To study mobile phone
usage among adolescents, Grade 9 (n= 218) middle-school students in Queensland,
Australia were surveyed using a self-developed questionnaire. The purpose of
the study was to explore the relationship between mobile phone usage and
developmental frameworks. The results suggest that young people use their
mobile phones as a way of expressing their sense of self and as a means of
communication quickly between peers.

The Use of Mobile Phones by South African University StudentsDavid North, Kevin
Johnston, and Jacques Ophoff University of Cape Town, South Africa, 2014  [email protected]
[email protected] [email protected]

Mobile phones are being an integral part of our modern lives. This
study explores the use and role of mobile phones among South African university
students. Four main categories are used to examine the students’ mobile phone
uses: reasons to use mobile phones, pattern of mobile phone use, purchasing
factors, and behaviour-related issues. Through a quantitative approach data was
collected from 362 participants using a survey. The key findings indicate that
the main reason South African university students (mainly from the University
of Cape Town) use a mobile phone is for socializing, as well as for safety and
privacy purposes. Usability and price emerged as the top purchasing factors.
The respondents showed some signs of addiction to their mobile phones. Differences
in mobile phone use by gender were found, with female students showing
increased mobile phone use for safety and socializing, interest in brand and
trends, as well as signs of addiction. The findings could prove beneficial to
marketers, mobile phone developers, universities, parents, and researchers
exploring mobile phone adoption and usage pattern in a developing country such
as South Africa.

 

Materials and Methods

 

Need for the study

 

   School is
considered as the second home of the children. It is the place where students
get into a proper structure and develop themselves. Adolescence is the age
where the school students tend to change their attitude and behaviour according
to their wish. In today’s modern world technological development and electronic
gadgets are taking a lead role in every activities of our life and that too in
students’ life. It is significant to give knowledge and know how far the usage
of these devices will affect the student’s life.

 

Statement of the problem

 

The researcher tried to showcase the usage of
mobile phones among the school students to know the level of usage, purpose of
usage, role of mobile phones among the school students. It is necessary that in
the globalizing era, where modern technologiesover-rule our day to day life
activities we are relying to any one of the electronic gadgets to assist us for
our activities. This is right in a way when our usage is for the right purpose,
because there may be many ways for us to get deviated from our needful purpose.
Thus school students also have the possibilities to make the usage in both the
ways. 

 

 

 

Objective of the study

 

·        
To study the attitude of school students towards
the mobile phone

·        
To know about the socio-demographic profile of
school students

·        
To know  the
usage patterns; gender-wise peculiarities of usage of mobile phones

·        
To examine the functionality and awareness of usage
of mobile phones among school students

 

Research design

 

    The study
describes the socio-demographic data and the usage of mobile phones among the
school students. Hence the researcher used descriptive design for the study.

 

Universe and sample

 

The universe of the study consists of 150 students in Standard IX A, B and C in a reputed school in
Tiruchirappalli City Corporation. By using simple random sampling method and
lottery technique STD IX A was selected for the study. There were 50 students
in IX A, Census method was adopted and data was collected from all the 50
students. In which 25 were boys and 25 were girls.

 

Tools
for data collection

 

      Socio-demographic data
was used to collect personal details of the students. Self-prepared
questionnaire was used to know the usage of mobile phones for data collection.

 

Analysis
and Interpretation

 

Findings

 

·        
Half of the respondents are male (50%) and half of
the respondents are female (50).

·        
Majorityof the respondents are from urban area
(96%) and only (4%) are from rural area.

·        
Half of the respondents have their own mobile phone
(50%)and also have regular access towards mobile phone, half (50%) don’t have
on their own and also don’t have regular access on mobile phones

·        
(40%) of the students rarely use mobile phones,
(26%) of the students use once in a day, (24%) of the students use twice a day
and only (10%) of the students are using mobile phones regularly

·        
Purpose of using mobile phone: (52%) of the
students use for all purposes like calls, SMS, games; (22%) of the students use
mobile phone for the purpose of calls, (20%) of the students use mobile for the
purpose of chatting

·        
Hours spending activities in mobile phone: (60%) of
the students spent half an hour in a day, (20%) of the students spent 1 hour a
day, (14%) of the students spend two hours a day

·        
(84%) of the students spend half an hour for a day,
(16%) of the students spend one hour in a day for calls

·        
(76%) of the students spend half an hour a day for
SMS, (20%) of the students spend one hour for SMS, (2%) of them are spending on
SMS for 2 hours and (2%) for more than two hours a day

·        
(56%) of the students spend half an hour for games
in day, (30%) of the students spend one hour for day, only (8%) of the students
use mobile phones for games more than 2 hours

·        
(52%) of the students spend half an hour for chatting,
(28%) of the students spend one hour for chatting and (12%) spend two hours for
chatting

·        
(46%) of the students spend time for browsing in
mobile phone, (28%) of the students spend time for browsing in a day, (18%)
spend two hours for browsing and (8%) of them spend more than two hours for
browsing

·        
More than half of the students (92%) use their
mobile phone for educational purpose like dictionary, searching for projects,
assignments, question paper search, e-books search, padasalai, Byju’s
application and (8%) use it for other purposes

·        
(82%) of
the students make 10-15 calls in a day, (6% )of them make 15-20 calls a day and
(8%) of them make more than 20 calls a day

·        
(66%)ofthestudents
send 10-15 SMS a day, (8%) send 15-20 SMS a day and (26%) send more than that
for SMS

·        
Half (50%) of the students responded that they can
manage without using mobile phone and half (50%) of they cannot

·        
Reaction of students in the absence of mobile phone
usage: (46%)  of them feel sad, (28%)
feel happy, (16%) feel alone and (14% )feel angry

·        
(62%) of the students can sleep without touching
their mobile phone and (38%) of them cannot able to sleep

·        
(82%) of them are not aware of Nomophobia and (18%)
are aware of Nomophobia

·        
Half (50%) of the students responded that using
mobile phone is affecting their studies and half (50%) of them responded that
it is not affecting their studies

·        
(68%)of thestudentssaidthat they have orientation
about mobile phone usage, (32%) responded that they do not have orientation
about the usage of mobile phone

·        
More than half (52%) of the respondents said that
usage of mobile phones helps in education, (38%) says that it helps for many
purposes like education, recreation, reminders, devotional and health; (6%) for
recreation and (4%) as reminders

·        
(76%) of the responded that they know to block and
erase messages and (24%) do not know to do it

·        
(40%) have accepted that using mobile phone affects
their home work and (60%) responded that it is not affecting their process of
doing home work

·        
(70%) of the respondents agreed that mobile phone
usage affects their sleep and (30%) of the respondents responded that it is not
affecting their sleep

·        
(58%) of the respondents opposed that they are not
able to engage themselves in outdoor activities and (42%) said by the usage of
mobile phone they are not able engage themselves in outdoor activities

·        
(66%) of the respondents agreed that usage of
mobile phone help in their personal growth and (34%) said that it does not help
in personal growth

 

Social work intervention

 

Ø  Schools can provide orientation program to the students regarding the
safe usage of mobile phones

Ø  Students prone towards regular use of mobile phone need case work
Intervention.

Ø  Community organisation programmes can be organised in schools and in
communities to sensitize the students on safe usage of mobile phones.

Ø  Guest lecturers, resource person’s can be invited to the schools to
share about the importance of usage of mobile phones

Ø  Parent teachers communication can be initiated and promoted to make
mutual understanding between the parents and teachers regarding the usage of
mobile phones

Ø  Group work can also be done  among student community to promote safe usage
of mobile phones

 

Conclusion

 

In this developing and modernised world, inventions
and technologies are becoming more popular. All of us are getting used to the
modern inventions in the name of trend. Also all of us are vulnerable towards
“addiction” that means the regular use or access of mobile phone. Now a day’s
adolescents are exposed to use of electronic gadgets and is becoming more
vulnerable to many risks. Hence proper guidance and awareness should be given
to the school student’s regarding the positive way of using mobile phones.