Aerospace scientists to study, this topic can help

Aerospace engineering has provided means to travel and explore outer space. Important and vital for scientists to study, this topic can help increase our knowledge of the galaxy we live in. Without aerospace engineering, we would have never put the first man on the moon. “‘That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.'” (3) These are famous words of the first man on the moon, Neil Armstrong; most people do not know that he had a career of an aerospace engineer along with his famous astronaut accomplishments. Throughout his life he greatly impacted and changed the space program with new developments, which begun at a young age and continued throughout his entire life.Neil Alden Armstrong’s early life began  (4-1) on August 5, 1930, while he lived in Wapakoneta, Ohio (1-1). Viola Louise Engel Armstrong and Stephen Kolnig Armstrong, the parents of Neil, moved frequently and up to 20 times due to Stephen’s career as a state auditor (3-1). His siblings included a younger brother named Dean and a younger sister named June (6-1). Neil’s deep passion for flying started very young. At age two, Neil watched the Cleveland Air Race with his father (5-1). Neil then picked up the hobby of building model planes and enjoyed drawing new airplane designs, including ones with retractable landing wheels (5-2). Also, he begun flying in airplanes at a very young age (2-1). He never aspired to pilot airplanes until he grew older because as a child he dreamed of manufacturing them (5-2). He participated in several extracurricular activities while also skipping a grade in elementary school, therefore proving his brightness and resilient attitude (6-2). Two of his activities included joining the Boy Scouts and later achieving the privilege of an Eagle Scout (3-1) and in band, Neil enjoyed playing the baritone (5-3). As a teenager, he attended Blume High School in Ohio (2-1). At age 15, he paid for flying lessons by working a job at a pharmacy at only 40 cents per hour (5-5). He went on his first solo flight at age 16 on his birthday; he flew a basic Aeronca called Champ (5-5). Graduating high school early at age 16 in 1747 (6-2), Armstrong decided to study aerospace engineering at Purdue University, in West Lafayette, Indiana, (3-3). Half-way through college, Neil decided to join the U.S. Navy due to the fact that they would help pay his tuition (5-6). He flew planes during the Korean War (2-2) while flying 300 miles (or 480 km) to apply for the U.S. Navy scholarship qualifying exam (5-6). Though, he made several minor accidents while flying, such as almost crashing his plane as he attempted to land on an aircraft carrier (5-8). Also, his airplane crashed into a tall pole and he ejected, after getting hit (5-8). From 1950 to 1952, for three years, Neil flew 78 missions in the Korean War (4-3). He received rewards for his actions in the Korean War with three Air Medals (3-3). Also receiving the Holloway Plan naval scholarship, he return to college to complete his degree but also studied for two years, fought for two more, then studied again for another two years (5-7). Neil eventually completed his degree in 1955 (3-3). His early career started immediately after he got out of college; Neil occupied several jobs which helped led him to NASA, such as from 1949 to 1952, for four years, Neil acted as a naval aviator (1-1). Armstrong also enjoyed other hobbies. He adored cars and traveling and bought an Oldsmobile 88 in 1952 (5-10). With his brother, Dean, he traveled from Mexico to Canada (5-10). Neil and his first wife, Janet Shearon Armstrong, married in 1956 (5-11). They met at Purdue University, when Janet majored in economics (6-3). Born in Illinois, (6-3) she loved flying airplanes and her dad owned a small plane (6-3). After their marriage, they had three children, one daughter and two sons, (4-2) which were, Erik Alan on June 30, 1957 (4-2), Karen Anne on April 13, 1959, (5-11) but died at age three due to cancer, (5-11) and Mark Stephen on April 8, 1963 (4-2). But, their marriage ended in 1994 because of a divorce (4-1). Armstrong later became married to Carol Held Knight Armstrong on June 12, 1994 (4-1). In 1955, he joined NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) (1-1) and worked at Lewis Flight Propulsion Center (currently called NASA Glenn) (1-2) and Laboratory in Cleveland, Ohio (5-9). His main focus included anti-icing systems and a supersonic aircraft heat effects while at the Laboratories (5-9). Other jobs include civilian research pilot (3-4), test pilot, astronaut, administrator, and aerospace engineer at NACA which eventually became NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1-2). As a research pilot, he flew over 200 different types of rockets, helicopters, jets, and gliders (1-3). “Research is creating new knowledge.” Flew the X-15 at NASA’s Flight Research Center in Edwards, California (1-3). He flew over 1,100 hours while testing all of these fighters and airplanes (3-4). On September 17, 1962, Neil joined a second group of astronauts at NASA (4-3). Before he could go into space, he had to pass many physical tests (5-12), such as desert survival training, submerged in ice water, facing heated temperatures of 145 degrees Fahrenheit, or 63 degrees Celsius (5-12), and wearing a spacesuit while in a weightless simulator (5-12). On March 16, 1966, Armstrong, the commander of the Gemini 8 mission, rendezvoused with David R. Scott in an Agena rocket (3-5). They both connected two vehicles in space for the first time (2-3). Unfortunately, a rocket thruster malfunction caused the Gemini 8 to soar away from Agena after they docked and Neil made a crash landing into the Pacific Ocean (3-5 and 3-6). Neil also commanded several other space missions (5-13), such as the backup command pilot for Gemini 11 (5-13) and for Apollo 8 (5-13). Apollo 11 took place in 1969, and Neil flew with Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins (2-4). Buzz Aldrin flew on Gemini 8 (5-14). Michael Collins had the career of a test pilot at Edwards and flew on Gemini 10 while flying around Earth 44 times (5-14). Neil and Buzz both landed on the moon first in the lander called the Eagle (2-4). Armstrong took the first step on the moon (2-5). “‘That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.'” (3) Him and Aldrin studied, observed, and collected moon specimens, such as rocks, (2-6) but after 21 hours and 36 minutes on the moon they returned to Earth (3-7). Landed in the Pacific Ocean at 12:51 PM on July 24 (3-7). The three astronauts spent 18 days in quarantine due to the possible effect of lunar microbes (3-7). “Aldrin said of Armstrong, ‘He got me there and he got me back. I made a couple of mistakes and fortunately they weren’t that crucial!'” (5) After Apollo 11, Armstrong toured 21 nations (3-8).Said, “I guess we all like to be recognized not for one piece of fireworks, but for the ledger of our daily work.” He picked up other aerospace careers, later in his life, that have improved NASA’s missions. Armstrong later became Deputy Associate Administrator for Aeronautics and received the responsibility to organize all of NASA’s technology and programming, located in Washington D.C., also home of NASA headquarters (1-6). Then became a Professor of Aerospace Engineering for nine years, from 1971 to 1979, at the University of Cincinnati (1-7). Later, for 11 years, from 1982 to 1992, Neil served as the chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation Inc., located in Charlottesville, Virginia (1-7). Neil then made technology for the military for 26 years, from 1977 to 2002, and retired in 2002 (3-9). He still studied aeronautics and participated in many groups while also becoming a part time businessman (2-7). Died on August 25, 2012 at age 82 due to a previous cardiovascular surgery (1-13).Neil received many degrees and honors from several colleges across America. At Purdue University, he got a Bachelor of Science Degree in Aeronautical Engineering (1-8). At University of Southern California, he got a Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (1-8). Also, he received multiple honorary doctorates from a lot of other colleges (1-8). Armstrong participated in a number of organizations arranged with aerospace technology (1-9). Neil, a proud member of the National Academy of Engineering, also joined Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco and National Commission on Space for two years, from 1985 to 1986 (1-9). He participated in the Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, the Royal Aeronautical Society, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the International Astronautical Federation (1-10). Other appointments include Vice-Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident in 1986 and a chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee for the Peace Corps for three years, from 1971 to 1973 (1-10). Neil Armstrong, highly decorated with a lot of awards, received many special honors such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, the Explorers Club Medal, the Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy, the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, and the Harmon International Aviation Trophy (1-11). Others encompass the Royal Geographic Society Gold Medal, the Federation Aeronautique Internationale Gold Space Medal, the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award, the Robert J. Collier Trophy, the AIAA Astronautics Award, the Octave Chanute Award, and the John J. Montgomery Award (1-12). Also, on March 19, 1993, Neil Armstrong got into the Astronaut Hall of Fame (4-3). Neill Armstrong greatly impacted society through aerospace engineering developments and while serving in the U.S. Navy for 3 years (4-3). He flew 78 missions in the Korean War (4-3) and accepted three Air Medals (3-3). Neil also flew over 1,100 hours while testing and researching many airplanes and transport vehicles which have greatly improved society (3-4). He even said, “In much of society, research means to investigate something you do not know or understand.” He furthered and tested the technology of everyday air carriers which remain vital to our research. On March 16, 1966, Armstrong lead the Gemini 8 mission, the first space program mission when two vehicles docked (3-5). Neil Armstrong strongly impacted society, even the world, with his historical moon landing (1-5). He also even toured 21 different nations due to his incredible journey (3-8). Neil gathered and studied moon rocks and collected many samples from the moon which helped further scientists knowledge (2-6). Throughout his life, Neil Armstrong made revolutionary developments and designs to aerospace engineering, such as making the first space docking and walking on the moon. But, it all began when he had a deep passion for aerospace designing and eventually piloting these aircrafts. He once explained this passion by saying, “Mystery creates wonder and wonder is the basis of man’s desire to understand.” Armstrong wanted to understand, and he began to learn it from a young age as he aspired to fly. Then, as an adult, Neil Armstrong flew to the moon, designed and manufactured airplanes, researched aircraft carriers to help civilians, and taught the younger generation. Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon and a world renown astronaut, but all of his accomplishments became possible through his career of aerospace engineering.

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