American several times throughout the plot of the

American fiction writer Philip K. Dick states, ” the basic tool for the manipulation of reality is the manipulation of words.”  In Shakespeare’s play, the tragedy of Julius Caesar, the soon to be king is murdered by an assembly of conspirators, who call themselves his loyal followers. The play’s tragic hero Brutus is seen to switch sides several times throughout the plot of the story. In the beginning, he is established as Caesar’s best friend, though he later transitions to be one of the hands taking place in his murder. Through his speech, Brutus strives to win over the melancholy people of Rome and convinces them that the death of Caesar was only for the good of Rome. Shakespeare’s usage of  logos, assonance, rhetorical questioning as well as diction help to sway the citizens of the distraught city.          Throughout Brutus’ funeral oration, Shakespeare uses chiasmus to bring attention to his prestigious status and society. By asserting his merit, Brutus exclaims, ” believe me for mine honor..”, emphasizing to the Plebeians that he is a man of integrity, “… and have respect to mine honor that you may believe”, in other words he implies they should take confidence in his good intentions ( III, ii, 13-15 ). In lines thirteen through fifteen chiasmus is seen to repeatedly allude to Brutus’ honor, justifying his rather rash actions. Being a staple piece to his argument, Brutus uses chiasmus once again in lines twenty-one through twenty-two of act three, scene two. Accentuating Brutus’ patriotism he promulgates, “not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more”, affirming that the Caesar’s death was for the benefit of the republic. By utilizing the usage of chiasmus and the ABBA structure Brutus is able to not only create dramatic flair, but also reinforces Caesar’s death was beneficial to Roman state and society.          


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