Chronic this type of passing sleep disruption, and

Chronic insomnia is disrupted
sleep that occurs at least three nights per week and lasts at least three
months. Chronic insomnia disorders can have many causes. Changes in the
environment, unhealthy sleep habits, shift work, other clinical disorders, and
certain medications could lead to a long-term pattern of insufficient sleep.
People with chronic insomnia may benefit from some form of treatment to help
them get back to healthy sleep patterns. Chronic insomnia can be comorbid,
meaning it is linked to another medical or psychiatric issue, although
sometimes it’s difficult to understand this cause and effect relationship.

·        
Chronic
insomnia

 

Acute insomnia is brief
and often happens because of life circumstances (for example, when you can’t
fall asleep the night before an exam or after receiving stressful or bad news).
Many people may have experienced this type of passing sleep disruption, and it
tends to resolve without any treatment.

·        
Acute
Insomnia

Insomnia also varies in
how long it lasts and how often it occurs. It can be short-term (acute
insomnia) or can last a long time (chronic insomnia). It can also come and go,
with periods of time when a person has no sleep problems. Acute insomnia can
last from one night to a few weeks. Insomnia is called chronic when a person
has insomnia at least three nights a week for a month or longer.

Secondary insomnia
occurs when a person has sleep problems because of something else, such as a
health condition (like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn);
pain; medication they are taking; or a substance they are using (like alcohol).

·        
Secondary
insomnia:

Primary insomnia occurs
when a person has sleep problems which are not caused by some health condition
or any problem.

·        
Primary
insomnia:

There are two basic
types of insomnia primary insomnia and secondary insomnia.

TYPES
OF INSOMNIA

Insomnia can be defined
as the difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. It is basically the
inadequate sleep or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia cannot be defined by the
number of hours of sleep a person gets or how long it takes to fall asleep but
it is just a measure of satisfaction with sleep. Individuals vary normally in
their need for and their satisfaction with sleep.

INSOMNIA
DEFINED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        
To find out the prevalence of insomnia
among college students.

·        
To study how insomnia among students can
be treated.

·        
To investigate the causes of insomnia
among students.

·        
To review the types of insomnia found
among college students.

The objectives of this
study are

OBJECTIVES
OF THE STUDY

To study the prevalence
of insomnia among college students.

STATEMENT
OF THE PROBLEM

The purpose of this
report is to find out the prevalence of insomnia among college students. It
creates an understanding of insomnia as well as its causes. It explains the
different types of insomnia found amongst students as well as the possible
available solutions. With an understanding of this, it is possible to
understand the sleeping problems faced by students these days as well as the
treatments or solutions available for them.

It is important to identify
the medical and psychological causes before deciding on the treatment for
insomnia. It depends on the type of sleep problem you have. Treatment of
insomnia can be done by two methods which are medication based and
non-medication based. There are several different types of ways which are used for
treating insomnia. Many professionals do not recommend use of medication like
sleeping pills for treating insomnia. Doctors and psychiatrists lay more
emphasis on treating the root of the problem causing insomnia like stress,
anxiety, depression and work load rather than taking medication for treating it.

College students who
are affected by insomnia mostly do not achieve high academic performance and
may even risk failure. This can affect the whole present and future of a
student which they may regret their whole life. Students may not be aware of
the fact that their unhealthy sleeping habits may be cause of their poor
performance in college as students are sleep deprived and may feel drowsiness
in the morning. Many think insomnia is the symptom of other mental disorders
like anxiety and depression. Depression is now common among college students.
Insomnia can increase clinical depression. Improving sleeping patterns and
addressing insomnia can increase the chances of improving depressive symptoms.
An article published in the BBC News (“Insomnia damages relationships”, 2011)
stressed that the lack of sleep needs to be treated as a major health issue.

Insomnia among College
students can be caused by several factors which include unhealthy eating
habits, unhealthy sleeping habits, intake of excessive caffeine, use of
cellphones, laptops or any kinds of screens, stress, and lack of physical activity
in their daily lives. Insomnia can be classified into two types primary and
secondary. Primary insomnia occurs if an individual has problems sleeping which
is not caused by some health condition or some problem. The secondary insomnia
occurs when an individual has sleeping problems because of other reasons such a
health condition like some kind of disease or taking some form of medication.

Insomnia is a sleep
disorder which causes difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Having a
good night sleep is an important part of all our lives it allows our body and
mind to rest and our body to re-energize. Without getting a proper good night
sleep we wake up tired and fatigued, our body and mind becomes stressed we feel
irritated and low on energy, thereby, not allowing us to function or be at our
best as we need our body to be. It causes a depressed mood, stress and anxiety.
Waking up tired and not being able to sleep at night are general complaints
found among College students.  Students
suffering from insomnia may have one or more of these symptoms difficulty in
falling asleep, waking up too early in the morning, feeling tired after waking
up, waking up during the night and having trouble going back to sleep.

INTRODUCTION