Colonialism the most important need for a human.

Colonialism can be considered as an early stage as to why some countries are poor. Many poor developing countries were colonies back then. They were conquered and ruled by European countries. These countries took advantage of the population as slaves, stole their natural resources and sold them. There were lots of useful resources in those countries, such as cotton, gold, and oil, which they not only sold but also used for their industries. Once the British decided that they were going to take over Nigeria, that part was easy because of the industrial revolution and had many technological advancements that Nigeria did not have. A very important aspect of poverty is the human influence on the nature. Our emission and nature utilization has caused damage on the nature and has increased the temperature on earth, causing desertification, farmland becomes unsuitable for cultivation, freshwater decreases, floods and severe weather increases. This leads often to people losing extremely essential factors, such as access to clean water, access to resident, access to food. Poor people in poor countries often lack concrete opportunities to change their lives. Access to clean water is one of the most important need for a human. Lack of clean water is quite common in poverty and they are forced to drink it to be able to survive. As people drink the water, they will eventually get sick, both adults and children. As the adults get sick, they can not work and will not be able to provide for their families. The children are too weak to go school which means that they will not have any education. Basic school education may be of poor quality, which does not provide sufficient knowledge for a good life in the future. Even though there are a decent education, it is not certain that the children might be able to attend to school because they are forced to work instead of their families. Another important concept to reflect on poverty is justice. Poverty is a consequence of lack of justice. Over consumption in a part of the world is a good example of how unfair leads to poverty in the poor countries. Should the earth’s resources be divided equally, the enormous poverty that exists today would not occur. Instead, most people would be able to live under reasonably good conditions and have the right to the same opportunities in terms of food, housing, education and work. The injustice today only affects the poor developing countries, but in fact, it is a current problem that is among all the people. 3.2 How does poverty in Nigeria look like?Nigeria is the only country by many poor countries, that still has not managed to reduce its poverty. Over the past three decades, Nigeria has had a hard time helping its people out of poverty and in 2013, 35 million more Nigerians were living in extreme poverty than in 1990, according to Yomi Kazeem in the website Qz. Nigeria has a strong possession of poverty and wealth. The countries economy has still not managed to meet its basic needs of its people even though the country is very rich in natural resources. The increasing poverty and the growth of the GDP is a clear indicator that Nigeria’s wealth is going on a skewed distribution. Over a period of one year, the economic situation of 32 percent of households had worsened and more than half of the households in Nigeria sees themselves as being poor. According to a report in the National statistics, the progress towards eradicating extreme poverty is moving slowly as the poverty trend is on the decline. The number of poor has increased in connection with population growth since it is growing faster than its economy. One of many critical challenges that the country has to face still remains poverty. In 2005, the life expectancy remains low and has decreased to 44 years from 47 years in 1990. 3.3 Why did the British colonize Nigeria? The British wanted to colonize Nigeria because they knew that that country had many natural resources. Resources that they could use for production. It was mostly by the river Niger that native traders moved their products. By the mid 1800s the British set up trade routes into the interior from coastal outposts. This gradual opening of trade routes led to direct commerce between African producers and the Europeans. British were already violated on the commerce of native Chiefs. As trades grew by 1850, the British government was ready to intervene to secure its profitable centers of trade and carry out commerce on its own terms. In 1851 on the apology of suppressing the slave trade in Lagos, British gunboats bombarded the city and and expelled their king and installed their own friendly ruler. Many years later after continuing disorder, they were to annex the city by a treaty. The British claimed that the treaty was an agreement between two mutually interested sides. Many years later Britain slowly gained complete control of the area but it was the notorious agreement of Berlin signed in 1885 which finally gave the British the right to develop the Niger region at their sphere of influence. The conference and the agreement were totally European creations. They had nothing to do with the hopes and wishes of African people. The conference carved up Africa to suit European trading interests. In Berlin, the British had little trouble convincing the other Europeans that they have the right to the Niger region. The conference have given the British the green light to organize and protect their trading in the crops of the Niger area. The British wanted to save on costs of administrations so they asked trading companies to administer the areas where they operated. In the north, they were to protect the trade in ground pass. In the west, the export crops were rubber, cotton and cocoa and in the Niger Delta, it was palm oil for European soaps and creams that made the trader wealthy. And the system of colony took root in Nigeria towards the end of the 19th century, a system that was to increase British trading interests and it was open to abuse. In 1886, the Royal Niger Company was granted charter to administer its area and was told to not seek trade monopolies and yet it did just that while consolidating British influence and control. The company, under Sir George Goldie, was accused of using its charter to set up a monopoly. It excluded local traders through heavy fines and fees for administrations. As the British gained control over the Company, they added low areas close to the river in order to create the colony of North and South Nigeria. The British managed to make profit because of their intervention, the export of different crops such as palm oil, via indirect rule as they kept their control over Nigeria. Which meant that traders would only be able to control that area under the British orders. On October 1 1960, Nigeria became independent from The British and a republic in 1963. In 1807 the slave trade was prohibited by the British and that time was when the influence of Nigeria began, on a global scale, to be noticed.

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