In first schoolhouse was built, then in 1846

In the 1820’s the early settlers were drawn to the land by
because of the huge natural opportunities. The land was flat and perfect to
make their home. The area was mainly used for hunting grounds until the
settlers arrived. This land was originally inhabited by the Delaware /Miami
Indians. April 13, 1837, the city of Carmel, Indiana was established under the
name of Bethlehem by John Felps (Phelps), Alexander Mills, Seth Green, and
Daniel Warren. Starting out as fourteen plots of land, this Quaker town
gradually developed, taking off with the fur trading economy. A general store
was built in 1837, eight years later the first schoolhouse was built, then in
1846 a post office, but residents were notified that the U.S. Post Office
already had another town registered by the name of Bethlehem in Indiana. In 1874,
by a referendum vote of 33 in favor and 12 against, the town was officially
incorporated and adopted the name “Carmel”. It was not until 1883
when the Monon Railroad was laid through the town that the economy exploded.

The rails allowed for quick transportation of crop goods.

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The
road expansion of the 1960’s created a huge boom for the city. In the next
decade, Carmel annexed twenty-one properties and still continues expanding to
this day. “Land use at the beginning of the 1970s showed 86 percent devoted
to agriculture, 8 percent public/semi-public, 5 percent residential, 0.6
percent industrial/manufacturing, and 0.3 percent office/retail.  Twenty five years later, residential land-use
comprised 47 percent; agriculture, 34 percent; public/semi-public, 11 percent;
industrial/manufacturing, 5 percent; office/retail, 4 percent” (Carmel
Narrative).

    Today some well-known parks are the Cool
Creek Park which is a popular place for people to hang out and see a band
perform.  Another other park is Flowing
Well Park which is also a favorite among the community as well, although it
might not be big or impacting it has a lot of people that love to visit
it.  Another huge part of Carmel is the
Arts and Design District, also known as downtown Carmel. This area is hugely
popular among families and teens to hang out and has been recently renovated to
create a commercial, small town village feel. 
In this area, there is the Public Library which is another place that
people love to visit and spend their time in downtown Carmel.  The Monon Center is a large outdoor water
park with several indoor pools and a fitness center that the community of
Carmel greatly enjoys.  This center
connects to the Monon Trails which replaced the Monon railroads and is now used
to exercise on or enjoy leisurely. Carmel’s most popular location though is
probably Clay Terrace.  Located ideally
along Keystone Parkway which is a major road that connects nearly everything in
Carmel together, it is a booming mall that is visited by everyone in the area
for anything they need.

With
the dawn of the 20th century, Indianapolis had become a metropolis. Being close
in proximity, Carmel established a series of paved roads connecting it to the
urban landscape. The Carmel Clay Township is one of the fastest growing in
Indiana.

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