22 November 2017
Impacts of Environmental Degradation
Industrial development is the growth of
industries in different areas of the world. It includes many industries like textile,
steel, iron, food, paper and agricultural industries. It is developing all over
the world from core regions to periphery regions. The main cause for its
incline is to facilitates people lives by providing goods related to their
daily necessities. where it provides facilities to people, there it also leads
to environmental degradation by causing water pollution, air pollution, and deforestation.
Industrial development causes water pollution. “Industrial wastes are considered as major
pollutants of both air and water” (Erskine 623). “Water pollution is
the contamination of water by sewage, toxic chemicals, metals, oils, or other substances”
(Richmond par22). Notably, water is necessity of life used for various
purposes like drinking, washing, and irrigation. We use water for cooking food,
if its get polluted we are unable to clean and cook food which results in
deficiency of food. furthermore, many farmers depend on natural reservoirs for
irrigation purpose and get affected with polluted water as their fields soil
become less fertile. Due to polluted water many people unable to get fresh
water “According to the World Health Organization, nearly one-sixth of the
world’s people have no access to safe drinking water.” (Richmond par 22). Most
of the fresh water we get from natural reservoirs. Industries have lot of
wastage like harmful chemicals, dirty water, garbage which are continuously
release in fresh water lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. There are seven major
industries which contribute in water pollution listed as chemical
industry, oil industry, electric power industry, steel industry, pulp and paper
industry, Auto manufactures, rubber industry (Erskine 624). These industries affect the fertility of water
and species living in it like marine life very much affected with it. Many
species of marine have extinct today and some are on edge of end “Some waste,
such as oil, industrial acids, or farm pesticides, poisons aquatic plants and
animals. Chemical and oil spills can cause
devastating water pollution that kills water birds, shellfish, and other
wildlife”(Richmond par24). Also, it causes fungus or bacteria on surface of
water an creates many diseases “Polluted and contaminated water can cause
waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, malaria, amoebiasis, and
dysentery (3—5)” (Malik 39). Diseases results in illness and death that impacts
the human habitat.
Industrial development has negative impact
on air as well. Air pollution, “the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of any
air contaminant in quantities that may cause discomfort to or endanger the
health or safety of persons, or that may cause injury or damage to property or
to plant or animal life.”(Jephcott 235). As industries are growing day by
day, causes more air pollution in environment “Industrial wastes are considered
as major pollutants of both air and water” (Erskine 623). Air is one of the
essential substance for human as well as plants for their survival. Humans and
animals need oxygen produce by plants for respiration and plants need carbon
dioxide release by humans and other species. However, gases from these
industries harm this circle which can responsible environment degradation.
Industries continuously affects the air by emitting hazardous gases like carbon
dioxide, carbon monoxide by burning out raw material. Sometimes due to leakage
of gases from industries causes a lot of
death “In 1984, a leak of poisonous
gas from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, killed about
3,000 people and caused serious injuries to about 50,000 (see Bhopal
disaster)Richmond par 34)..Furthermore,
These gases rise the temperature of the earth and causes global warming that
results in melting of glaciers “The increase in temperature, called global warming,
may cause many problems. A strong greenhouse effect could melt glaciers and
Arctic ice, flooding coastal
areas. It could also shift rainfall patterns, leading to more droughts.
In addition, global warming may lead to more extreme weather conditions” (Richmond
par19). Also, animals living in Iceland get affected with the decrease of
glaciers. Moreover, global warming also affects historical building. ‘Taj Mahal’
in India, which is originally white in color but get affected by these impure
gases which slowly turns it marble yellow in color. Industries that responsible
for air pollution are chemical industry, oil industry, electric power industry,
steel industry, pulp and paper industry, Auto manufactures, rubber industry
(Erskine 624). In addiction, “Air pollution also
causes a variety of health problems, such as asthma and
other lung diseases and coronary artery disease.
According to the World Health Organization,
about 3 million people die each year as a result of air pollution”(Richmond par
Industrial development also causes
deforestation. As population of world and industries increase
demand for more useable land also rise. People need more land for building
industries to produce more for growing population. Due to that, many forest are
cut down to make more land for their settlements “demand for goods by
industrialized countries is often a driver of deforestation. In
nineteenth-century Brazil, large areas were deforested in order to plant coffee
to be sold in the world marketplace.” (Thiemann par10). Agriculture industries
acquires a lot of forest land to grow more crops like wheat, rice, maize,
timber “Industrialized countries have limited the impact of deforestation on
their own countries, but their increasing demand for forest products,
especially timber, has led to the continuing deforestation of tropical
countries.” (Thiemann par 7). deforestation impacts the environment in many
ways “Clearing of forests without suitable replanting decreases timber
supplies, often leads to potential degradation of the soil and water, reduces
species diversity, and may contribute to long-term climate change. In addition,
there are often negative impacts on indigenous populations who are forced to
move or subsist on substandard land” (Thiemann par 11). Cutting down of trees
affects the fertility of soil responsible for less production, less rainfall, drought,
and low water level. moreover, deforestation also biodiversity of area like extinction
of many species and plants. Our ecosystem get unbalance as some species
completely dependent on each other for their food. hence, all these factors lead
to degradation of natural environment in forests.
In conclusion, industrial development by
humans are responsible for water pollution, air pollution and deforestation
continuously impact the living standard of species of plants and animals by
polluting their natural habitant. however, these problems can be solving down with
the less development of industries which harm the environment and by using the
recycle, reuse, and reduce process.
Erskine, Hazel. “The Polls:
Pollution and Industry.” Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 2, 1972,
p. 263. Edb, EBSCOhost, ezproxy.columbiacollege.bc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true=edb=5414766=eds-live.
Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.
Jephcott, C. M. “Air Pollution
Activities in Ontario.” Vol. 51, no. 6, 1960, pp. 235–239.,
www.jstor.org/stable/41981730. Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.
Malik, A., et al. “Water-Borne
Diseases, Cost of Illness and Willingness to Pay for Diseases Interventions in
Rural Communities of Developing Countries.” Iranian Journal of Public Health,
vol. 41, no. 6, June 2012, pp. 39–49. Ccm, EBSCOhost, ezproxy.columbiacollege.bc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true=ccm=104467450=eds-live.
Accessed 22 Nov. 2017
Richmond, Martha E. “Environmental
pollution.” World Book Student, World Book,
2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar182428. Accessed 22 Nov.
Theilmann, John M.
“Deforestation.” Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, Salem Press, 2013.
Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.