Navy Seal TrainingThe training to be a Navy Seal is one of the hardest in the world. These hardworking people take control of small missions that can have major outcomes for the United States and our allies. First of all, what is a Navy Seal? A Navy Seal, is one of the Navy’s Sea, Air, Land soldiers. He is a part of team of sixteen people including himself. Navy Seal teams started in World War two but were called Underwater Demolition teams. The Navy Seals were officially founded in 1962. Around thirty percent of current SEALs were already sailors in the Navy, twenty percent chose to go straight to SEAL training at boot camp, and around half enter from civilian life (McHugh). These men go through very strenuous training. It takes all that they have for them to make it through the training. Navy SEAL training consists of pre tests to get into training, Bud/s phase 1 and Hell Week, Bud/s phases 2 and 3, and post Bud/s training schools.The pretests consist of general requirements to apply, the ASVAB, the C-Sort, and the PST. For some people, the journey to become a Navy SEAL ends during the pretests. These pretests try to help screen candidates so that the Navy doesn’t waste time and resources on people they know will not make it through Bud/s training and/or will not be the best when trying to finish a special ops mission. To apply, one must be between the ages of 17 and 28, be a US citizen, and have vision that is correctable to at least 20/25 (Navy Seal + Swcc Scout Team). All of these general requirements may seem easy, but these only allow you to take the pretests. The ASVAB is the knowledge test for Navy SEALs. According to the U.S. Navy Seal and Swcc Scout Team, a team that stores and maintains craft used by SEALs in special missions, “The ASVAB is used to assess an applicant’s mental sharpness and ability to learn. The ASVAB is generally administered at a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS).” The C-SORT, or Computerized-Special Operations Resilience Test, tests a SEAL candidate’s mental toughness and abilities in three areas: performance strategies, psychological resilience, and personality traits (Navy Seal + SWCC Scout Team). The C-SORT is required to make sure SEAL candidates will be able to handle the training and everyday life as a SEAL mentally. SEALs take a beating mentally while in combat. These people will have to deal with things that would break a normal human. The PST stands for Physical Screening Test. This test is to ensure that the prospective SEALs are in the best shape possible so that they can perform at the highest level. The Navy SEALs have four test all with an optimum and minimum score. The optimum time to swim five hundred yards is nine and a half minutes, and the minimum is twelve and a half minutes. The optimum and minimum are 75 and 50 respectively for push-ups and sit-ups, while the optimum and minimum is 15 and 10 respectively for pull-ups (U.S. Navy SEAL + SWCC Scout Team). The push-ups and sit-ups have a two minute time limit each, while the pull-ups have no time limit. To make it through the pretests and eventually Bud/s, Stew Smith, a former Navy Seal, says, “It starts with two things. You need to be determined and mentally tough”(Qtd. In Clark). These tests are made to be hard, but they are just a taste of what is to come in Bud/s.The first phase of Bud/s, or Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL, training is arguably the toughest phase when becoming a Navy SEAL. The first phase is nine weeks long where prospective SEALs participate in four mile runs in boots every week, two mile ocean swims with fins, and timed obstacle courses (Smith). Bud/s gets hard right away. There is no slowly getting used to training. According to Stew Smith, “Bud/s will expose your weaknesses within about a week” (Qtd. in Clark). Bud/s will be the hardest workout you will do in life. The first phase peaks in difficulty at the midway point with a week called hell week. “Hell week is a test of physical endurance, mental tenacity and true teamwork… Physical discomfort and pain will cause many to decide it isn’t worth it… Sheer fatigue and sleep deprivation will cause every candidate to question his core values, limits, and everything he’s made of and stands for” (“BUD/S Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training”). In other words, Hell Week will be the most gruelling week of most of these prospective SEALs lives. Hell Week is five and half days of continuous training with at most four hours of sleep for the whole five days (“Hell Week”). According to Stew Smith, “Hell Week is designed as the ultimate test of one’s physical and mental motivation while in first phase. Hell Week proves to those who make it that the human body can do ten times what the average man thinks possible.” Only about twenty five percent of participants make it through this gruelling week (“Hell Week”). Many of those who do pass also pass the training as a whole. Now one may be wondering, how does one pass this training. Stew Smith claims one must “find the fuel, when the tank is empty… sometimes that is a near-daily experience going through SEAL training” (Qtd. in Clark). Hell Week will make Bud/s phase one be one of the most challenging things one will do in their life. Those who make should be proud of their accomplishment.Bud/s phase two will continue to develop prospective SEALs on their journey to becoming a SEAL. Both phases will continue the physical training, but each will step up the intensity. Phase 2 is the diving phase, and it consists of combat diving, open and closed circuit SCUBA, and long distance dives (“BUD/S Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training”) Phase 2 is what separates SEALs from other United States Special Operations. The long distance distance underwater dives trains students to be combat divers. Now they will be able to use swimming and diving as an expert for a SEAL mission (Smith). This diving phase is eight weeks in length. Phase Two helps SEALs in their future missions and life as a SEAL. Many SEAL missions involve water, because the world is covered in water. SEALs must be comfortable around water and be able to swim and dive as an expert in order to do these missions efficiently. If SEALs are not comfortable around water, they may panic in very important mission for the safety of the United States and its citizens. How does one survive this phase of Bud/s training? According to James Clark, “You need to be a lifelong athlete.” Being a lifelong athlete helps tremendously with the physical training, but it will also help with mastering the diving and swimming phase of Bud/s.Things change drastically from phase two to phase three. Phase three transitions to the land warfare phase. It consists of marksmanship, rope operations, demolitions, and small unit tactics (“BUD/S Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training”). This phase is nine weeks in length, and it prepares the soldiers for the warfare they will encounter. Phase three prepares the prospective SEALs for battle from close hand to hand combat to long range sniping. As well as prepping for battle, this phase continues to step up the intensity of the physical training. This means that the times are lowered for the runs and swims. By now most of the prospective SEALs are used to this training and this will be no problem. After covering the basics, the prospective SEALs travel to San Clemente Island to practice the techniques they have learned in a real world environment. They do this during the final five weeks of phase three (Smith). Most of the men who made it through Hell Week make it through both phase two and three. If not, it is usually due to not being able to master the diving phase or having safety issues in the Land Warfare phase (“BUD/S Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training”). Most of these people know the hardest part is behind them and that they are just a little ways away from capturing their dream to become a Navy SEAL. How do they survive Bud/s as a whole? Stew Smith claims, “If you really want to survive Bud/s, you can’t just survive it, you have to compete through it… whether it’s competing with yourself or competing with the guy next to you. Just having that competitive mindset can really help keep your mind away from negative thoughts of quitting” (Qtd. in Clark). This thought makes a lot of sense. If one can make it a competition, he or she will automatically try harder for longer. People are a competitive being. One can see that in the passion for sports in the United States and most other places in the world. Bud/s training will be one of the hardest thing these people will do in their lives, but it also prepares them for life as a Navy SEAL.There is still a lot of training after Bud/s training is over. There are many post-Bud/s schools. These schools prepare these people more for their future as SEALs. These schools range from parachuting school to med school.After they graduate Bud/s, the graduates take three weeks of parachute training at the Army Airborne School in Fort Benning, Georgia (Smith). They need this training because these soldiers will parachute in many of their missions. This skill adds a lot of flexibility when getting the SEALs to their objective.Training will now shift a little form”testing how the men react in a high-stress ‘gut check’ environment, to making sure trainees are competent in their core tasks”(“BUD/S Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training”). This training goes back to the basics of warfare by touching on war tactics, skills, plans, and operations. This is more or less like a fine tuning class. Next the remaining prospective SEALs will take an intense medical class called 18-D, or Special Operations Medical Sergeant Course (Smith). This course will teach the men anything they will ever need to know when there is an injury in the field. Injuries happen frequently in war and for the best chance of surviving these sometimes catastrophic injuries, the men need intense medical instruction. These post Bud/s school fine tune the skills of those who have made it past Bud/s training. It is a good mix of everything that a SEAL may encounter. The classes prepare the men for anything and everything that will be thrown at them by the enemies of the United States. There usually isn’t much room for error in Navy SEAL missions. A small error can result in the death of multiple americans including the SEALs who are conducting the mission. Also, sometimes the mission is detrimental to the safety and security of the United States as a whole.There are many steps to become a Navy SEAL. The training is also very strenuous and difficult. According to the United States Navy, “only about twenty percent of people who attempt the training complete it” (Qtd. in Hodierne). This is why completing the training is a major accomplishment for those that complete it. Four in five are unable to complete it either by injury or by just quitting. It takes extreme determination and will power to finish even just Hell Week. Knowing that the people who are able to accomplish this training are the ones who are protecting the citizens of the United States, it should make every american feel very safe. All of the people who are able to complete this training should be very proud of their accomplishment. On top of that, all United States Citizens should be proud of and honor every soldier of every branch past and present. In Conclusion, the training to be a Navy SEAL is very demanding. The training consists of pre tests to get into Bud/s training, Bud/s phases one two and three with Hell Week, and post Bud/s schools.