Nearly becoming infertile. Most importantly it goes against

 Nearly 5 years ago, a woman joining the military and ready for full combat, wasn’t plausible. Now in this era, it has become reality. However, could such advancement be reasonable? The result of the change places women at a disadvantage and puts them in a greater danger than what is faced by men. Women were not made to destroy or conquer things. They were especially not made for war. Traditionally speaking, men fought in a warG1 , not women. Opening combat roles to women lends a veneer of democratic engagement without actually having any real connection to larger society. It has been society’s fundamental belief that men do well in jobs that are considered “risky” such as combat, and woman do not take part in those fields; by doing so, she would cause the military’s fighting capability to be lowered because the physical strength of a woman compared to that of a man is low. She would increase her chances of sexual harassment and put herself at risk of becoming infertile. Most importantly it goes against the tradition of the military.

            The Women’s Armed Services Integration Act of 1948 excluded women from combat positions. In January 2013, Secretary Defense Leon Panetta rescinded the ground combat exclusion policy. “Over 280,000 women have been deployed to war zones; over 200 women have died and over 800 have been wounded in combat” (Hoit, Kate. 26 May 2014,). To refuse a woman any position within the military especially infantry, does go against the Nation’s attempt to promote gender equality. However, keeping women out of branches that requires her to go to war, G2 for example, G3 the Marine Corps is not about oppressing women’s rights or sealing off gender equality. It is mainly about maintaining the most combat-effective military. G4 The U.S. hegemony is slowly decreasing and nations like China, Iran, and North Korea are building their forces. G5 The people of this country should be concerned about creating the best trained, strongest, most ready military force to defend their nation.

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There currently isn’t any woman in the National Basketball Association, the National Football League, Major League Baseball, or other professional sports geared for men. Their absence has nothing to do with discrimination but is rooted in the fact that women biologically are not able to perform physically to the same level as men. Elizabeth Hoisington, who was one of the first women to attain high rank in the Army voiced that women should not serve in combat roles because they aren’t “physically, mentally and emotionally qualified” (U.S News. 15 May 2013).  Although feminists may be upset about such a statements or may say things like “But women may still gain the requisite upper body muscle mass to dead lift objects just as successful as men” (Factor Women, 9 Dec. 2009, )doesn’t make a woman biologically stronger than a man. More so, a woman (even a trained one) cannot match that of a man’s physical strength in which the man was born with. What men consider to be a normal physical exercise is more often than not, excruciating for women to perform. Men are typically larger than women on average, so the amount of muscle a man has compared to a woman shows a great deal.  “Men have an average of 26 pounds more skeletal muscle than women, and women produce more body fat than men.” (Wolchover, Natalie. Sept. 2017,). This signals that women may have a hard time moving quickly with gear on their backs and an even harder time maintaining pace over a long period of time. Women who are on the battlefield will find it rather difficult to carry a wounded man from the battlefield into safety, no matter how strong or fit they are. These things mentioned, puts undue strains on a woman’s reproductive system, which may lead to infertility.  

A woman’s health can be damaged by constant physical loads. This refers to a woman’s reproductive system particularly. A study performed on women who had physically demanding jobs (military) found that “women, who were employed by an occupation that was physically demanding, had a lower egg count than those who didn’t normally have those harsh physical demands.” (Newsroom, BMJ. 2017, Feb.).  Among the women going through the study, the ones who held a physically demanding job had “8.8 percent of them had a lower egg reserve and 14.1 percent had fewer mature eggs than women whose jobs did not require such physical demand.” It’s should be obvious when compared to becoming infertile, lowering of egg count and taking on high physical demands for example combat; women should think twice about these concerns before enlisting. Women should also carefully examine how they would be perceived, when joining occupations like the military.

The military is predominantly male and women represent the minority. Having just men living in a tiny room, no privacy designated sleeping spaces or restrooms, may be hard for men to face but doesn’t present any operational problem. However, if one of the crewmembers had been a woman or two women and one man, there would be problems. It is psychologically awkward to put mixed men and women in such intimate settings.The Pentagon estimated “that about 6.1 percent of women have been assaulted”.  (Kennedy, Kelly. 25 July 2013 ), and sexual assault will more than likely steadily increase due to this psychological friction, in spite of the discipline enforced by the military. Women negatively affect discipline in a male environment, which reduces the military’s combat value. By having a woman serve in direct combat may lower mission effectiveness, and hurt unit morale and cohesion. In some situations, men may act foolishly to protect women in their combat units. Both males and females are at risk of torture and rape but in misogynistic societies, women are more likely to be abused. G6  Within the combat unit, the presence of a woman in a hyper-masculine military subculture, G7 more than likely will lead to a sexual assault on the women or resentment towards her. Additionally, iG8 f a woman becomes pregnant, this may affect the deployability of a unit especially because the unit may then have a disproportionate number of women. American cultural values are highly in favor of “protecting” women, so putting women in a situation where they find themselves captured or possibly sexually harassed will counter those values. 

Dating back to WWI and WWII, women couldn’t enlist in combat roles. Women had roles in the military like a “mail clerk, bank teller, and munitions.” (Jenson, Kimberly 2012) The closest women would get to the combat zone was if she had been part of the medical division. Going back even further into tradition, it wasn’t a coincidence that the four fathers of this nation did not push to have women on the front lines. Perhaps, this was because the response to female casualties would have less likely been forgiving. Maybe, it was understood back then, that women were specially made to bear children. More so, it may have been believed women were to stay home and tend to household duties. Nothing has changed from then up until this point, except the political side of things. While physically, mentally and emotionally, a woman’s make-up has remained the same.G9 

 

Serving in combat roles is solely a masculine occupation, and should have remained such.  To a degree, yes a woman on the front line is a victory for equality. But those who still hope for peace, justice, and a powerful nation should not lose sight of the vision; to create and keep the strongest, most powerful military force. WomenG10  should be incorporated into the combat roles of the military if and only if they’re needed for backup. However, if the backupG11  is not needed, it would not be in the Nation’s best interests to enlist women into any combat roles, as it goes against tradition.  The incorporation of women makes training for a unit take longer because they have to train harder than men do, to become physically fit. This can affect the readiness of a unit if a woman becomes pregnant.  The Nation should be concerned about all combat units being as strong as possible. Not with trying to maintain a certain public image. The Nation should do this to strengthen its security, which should be the most important aspect for combat units.G12 

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