Opposition civil rights movement, Brown vs Board of

Opposition to African-Americans civil rights was present
throughout the period from 1865 to 1992, but the strength of the opposition
varied greatly throughout and it is possible to argue that it was particularly
limited at times such as the Second World War and the Reconstruction from 1865
to 1877.


The Supreme Court’s attitude was overall quite hostile
towards African Americans, especially in the early years. The Supreme Court did
not attend to the Jim Crow Laws which segregated people in the south. They
argued in the Plessy vs Ferguson case, in 1896, that separate but equal was constitutional and not against the
fourteenth amendment. The Supreme Court argued in the Mississippi vs Williams case, which established that voters had to
prove that they were literate, paid taxes and understood the US constitution,
this resulted in a fall in the number of African American voters in Louisiana
by 125,024 in four years. After the Second World War, it could be argued that
the Supreme Court became less hostile and even started to augment civil rights
for African Americans.  In the Trudeau vs Barnes case, 1933, they
insisted on all state appeals being exhausted before cases could come before
the Supreme Court, this, alongside one of the most important cases in the US
civil rights movement, Brown vs Board of Education, showed that opposition
declined in the later years. In 1954, the Supreme Court argued passed the Brown
vs Board of Education as they felt that the earlier Plessy vs Ferguson case was
damaging for the children. This was also proven in the Little Rock case when
President Eisenhower enforced the law.