The or asynchronous. For sound effects to be

The next sound in the soundtrack is sound effects, sound effects can
either be synchronous or asynchronous. For sound effects to be synchronous, the
sound must be synchronised or matched with the action it is representing on
screen. If a man was playing a piano in the film and the sound of the keys
being played were in time with the man playing, then the sound effect would be
synchronous. Synchronous sounds enhance the realism of the film and also aid in
creating the desired atmosphere and tone of the film. As an example, the noise
of a door is used as a familiar noise that the audience will recognise the
sound of so can just be used as an element to show the realistic noise of a
door. But if you were too add some ominous background music and build up a
creepy atmosphere before the door opening sound, then the door opening sounds
more suspenseful and engages the audience into being curious about who or what
is opening the door. To enhance this further the editor may increase the sound
effect to add to the tension.

The opposite is asynchronous sound effects. These are the sound effects
that do not match the action that is on screen, these could be sounds that
create a subtle difference in tone or again to add to the authenticity of the
world created in the film. This technique is often used in disaster films such
as “Shaun of the Dead’ to fill parts of a scene where no one is talking to fill the
silence. There is a scene in the film where the two main protagonists are
sneaking round their back garden, instead of them walking around in silence you
can hear car alarms going off in the background to connote the chaos going on
around them. As well as the connotations the alarms bring, it also what we
would imagine the end of the world would sound like so as the audience we are thrown
into the world seeing it as realistic despite the zombies.

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Finally, the last and one of the most important pieces of the soundtrack,
the background music. By adding in background music you can again control the
tone of the scene but you can also control the pacing of the film itself or
character movement; Edgar Wright does this in most of his films. Particularly in
his most recent, ‘Baby Driver.’ In this instance, Wright wrote the music soundtrack along at the
same time with the rest of the script which is the exact opposite of what most
other writers do. The opening for this film is shot in time with the song ‘Bell Bottoms’, which is a song that has
a distinctive tone change halfway through the song. So Wright decided to use
the first two minutes of the song as a timer for the heist crew to rob the bank
and when they return to the car, the music kicks in and a car chase begins with
each tyre screech and police siren set to the beat. Sometimes, film makers
decide to fade music in slowly to foreshadow something that is about to happen,
for instance in HBO’s Game of Thrones TV
series, a song called ‘Reigns of Castamere’ plays before something tragic happens to the Stark family caused by
the Lannister family. 


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