Theobroma Cacao is grown in 58 countries and

Theobroma cacao belongs to the family of Malvaceae (alternatively Sterculiaceae), and is characterized by three main cultivar groups: Criollo, Forastero and Trinitario, which have recently been widespread in the (sub) humid tropics. All cultivated species originate from America.  The   cocoa is believed to have originated in the midst of the Amazon wild forests in South America. Centuries ago, the Maya and Aztec had realized the importance of cocoa beans. They   cultivated the tress and, apart from consuming the fruits as a delicacy, used the beans as a medium of exchange, money.  Cacao is one of the world’s most valuable crops, cultivated worldwide on 8.2 million hectares, playing an important role in the social and economic life of more than 5 million households, and affecting 25 million people in poor rural areas. Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Indonesia and Brazil are the most important top cacao producers in the world. Cacao is grown in 58 countries and is worth in excess of US$4 billion per annum to the world economy.               Cacao is a well-adapted agro-forestry plantation crop grown in hot, rainy climates. Its cultivation is concentrated between 0 and 20 degrees north and south of the Equator, sometimes called the “Cacao Belt”. Although it is mainly known as principal ingredient of chocolate, there are actually other products derived from cacao beans: cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa cake and cocoa products. Yield of cocoa crop depends on many factors like varietycultivar, soil type, age and other farm management practices. On an average 50-60, pods per tree per year can be expected. The yield would be in vegetative propagation when compared to seed propagation method. In seed propagation crop, 200kg/ha dried bean and in vegetative crop, 500800 kg/ha dried bean can be obtained. 1.2 Background of the study: Cocoa  production  in  India  is  estimated  to  cross  20,000 tonnes  by the end of   2016-17  with  new  plantations  bearing  fruits.  Production  touched  17,200 tonnes 

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