V of freedom/liberty with anarchy, which is the

            V for Vendetta, published in 1990 by Alan Moore, is a graphic novel set
in a future version of England taken over by fascism. The fascism in the book is
similar in cruelty of Nazi Germany in World War II, with the dictator, Adam
Susan, using all of his power to “help” the country by oppressing everyone in
it, such as installing concentration camps to round up certain groups of people
and putting curfew times in place. It takes for one individual, called V, to
rebel against the government for the sake of freedom/liberty with anarchy,
which is the ability for an individual to decide their own life without authority
telling them otherwise. V commits serious acts of terror against the fascist
government, to show the fascist government the consequences of oppression. The
novel, V for Vendetta suggests that a government attempting to control the freedom
of individuals can only limit society’s growth.

 

            Firstly,
limiting choices is a great way to risk the lives of the citizens. When the
reader gets formally introduced to the dictator, Adam Susan, Susan gives a full
speech of his goals and ideals for the country of England. In this speech, Adam
Susan explicitly states multiple times within this speech that he does not
believe in individual freedom, such as in this quote: “I will not hear talk about
freedom, I will not hear talk about individual liberty. They are luxuries, I do
not believe in luxuries…The war put the paid on luxury. The war put paid on
freedom.” (Moore, 1990, 37). Here, the dictator says that freedom is
just an expensive luxury, implying that the expense of freedom is the cost of
bad decision making of everyone else, from Adam Susan’s point of view, prompting
Adam Susan to try control his people’s freedom. This only leaves him to be bit cold-handed,
whenever someone such as V, commits an act of terror for the sake of other
people’s freedom. This happens to be ironic because the dictator enforced the
idea of fascism onto his country to protect citizens from facing the costs of
their supposedly bad decisions, only for death toll hikes and terrorism to
occur due to the lack of freedom, which in itself is a bad decision by the
government. In addition, “The only freedom left to my people is the freedom to
starve, the freedom to die, the freedom to live in a world of chaos. Should I
allow them that freedom? I think not. I think not.” (Moore, 1990, 38). This
quote only bolsters the fact that Adam Susan wants to protect the people from
making bad decisions, and that restricting choices only encourages terror acts
to occur as mentioned beforehand. Ironically, by not allowing his citizens to
live in a world of chaos, Adam Susan ends up setting himself up for terrorist
attacks by V, which is pretty chaotic. All in all, when the government tries to
restrict freedom, they end up leaving their citizens at risk from a rebel who
has no restrictions.

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            In
chapter five of the first third of the book, the main character V talks to the
statue of liberty, or Madam Justice as V calls it, and is essentially talking
to himself. Within this talk, V states that he decides to follow anarchy as “She has
taught me that justice is meaningless without freedom. She is honest, she makes
no promises and breaks none.” (Moore, 1990, 41). The message this quote
is trying to convey is that politicians often create promises in their
political campaigns that they later not keep, often pertaining to giving their
citizens more rights, more freedom and justice. So when they get elected, they do
not fulfill anything they said during their campaign. Since anarchy means the
lack of a government, this means that there is no one to lie and no one to make
promises for the sake of anarchy. Furthermore, “Anarchy wears two
faces, both creator and destroyer. Thus destroyers topple empires, make a
canvas of clean rubble where creators then can build a better world.” (Moore,
1990, 248). This is the basis of V’s motives, destroy the Adam Susan and
the Norsefire party to then try create a new, improved, world. Unlike the
fascist party who believes controlling the freedom of everybody will create a better,
more rigid world, and thus are only able to limit how far society can go with
such restrictions, V believes that anarchy will help create a better world that
uses the freedom of everybody, which allows for society to expand and grow once
settled.

 

            Lastly,
the government is only able to control freedom when an individual gives it away.
This happens with Eric Finch, a recurring character within the novel, being a
police officer working for the Norsefire government, and is often involved with
investigating V’s terrorist attacks. In the last third of the book, Finch
drives off to a former concentration camp in search of V and decides to intake
LSD which he found on the ground. After taking in the drug, he starts
hallucinating and then realizes how much he does not like his job, and starts questioning
his decisions. “I look at this pattern, but where are the answers? Who imprisoned me
here? Who keeps me here? Who can release me? Who’s controlling and constraining
my life, except…me? I…I’m free.” (Moore, 1990, 215). This is when Finch starts
to abandon the police force and does his work by himself, after realizing that
it was his own freedom to choose the decision of working under the government, which
ironically ends up giving all his freedom away. This signifies the moment of freedom
found when law cannot constrict an individual’s actions. Next, there is
Valerie, a minor character that got placed in the torture camp for being a
lesbian. She wrote a biography of her life within her cell before she was killed,
and wrote this: “…But it was my integrity that was important. Is that so selfish? It
sells for so little, but it’s all we have left in this place.” (Moore, 1990,
156). This quote in particular tells the reader about how Valerie held
onto her pride despite society’s and the government’s negative views on
homosexuality. In particular, it conveys the message that no matter how harsh someone
may be on someone’s decisions, that only the person themselves can choose how
they want to live their life. Overall, even if the government has the power decide
the fate of an individual, they cannot control the actions of one, no matter
how convincing or intimidating they may be.

 

The message that V for Vendetta implies is that the growth of society
can be hindered when the government tries to control each individual’s
decisions

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