When we talk about climate change, the very first thing that comes to mind is that it’s environmental effects. But it’s effects are on our working life and the skills that are required by employers. Climate change effects not only environment but also different areas such as finance and health. That’s why not only city planners but also farmers, doctors, finance planners and engineers must be making plans for the future. So what’s going to be the effects of climate change on our careers?The Earth tempetature is estimated to have gotten 1.2°F to 1.4°F warmer in just the last century. 10 out of the last 13 years were the warmest years in recorded history1.According to World Health Organization, it’s expected that there will be 250000 extra deaths in between 2030-2050. For example, it can be viruses like Zika or Ebola being spread to other countries. And according to Global Risk Report, there are 5 biggest risks that the world is facing, one of them is weapons of mass destruction and four others are about the climate; extreme weather conditions, water crisis, extreme natural disasters, not taking adaptation precautions for climate change.Another victim of climate change is our oceans. Oceans are there to regulate the Earth’s temperature and supply 50% of the Earth’s oxygen. Climate change increases the temperature of the oceans by more than .3°F since 1969 2.One of the consequences of warmer oceans is ocean acidification meaning a direct a effect of increased dissolved co2. Since the 18th century ocean surface acidification has increased by 30%3. A higher acid content means calcifying species like oysters, clams and shallow water corals are at risk.Climate change has also caused the sea level to rise just in the last century, sea levels have risen 6.7 inches but the rate in the last decade is nearly doubled4. Sea levels have risen because as the ocean gets warmer it swells. On top of that glaciers and ice sheets are melting. Greenland lost 36 cubic miles of ice between 2002 and 20055 and since 1994 each year on average the Earth has lost 400 billion tons from its glaciers 6. When all that ice melts it fills up our oceans and just like filling up a bathtub the shores can’t hold all that water and coastal regions get flooded. Troubling signs of climate change are increased extreme weather events; natural disasters like floods, tornadoes and deadly heat waves are more obvious to humans because of their immediate impact and their sharing of images in the media. Climate risk management is today’s trend in the world. Global climate change plays a big role in setting the trend and these changes effect our lives as well. Especially water resources that are used by big cities are getting drought because of lack of precipitation in winter time. In the studies of global climate change it’s been observed that climatological disasters has tripled so far7.And due to that, it’s expected that the economic losses will increase to 300 billions of dollars in 2050 8. These economic losses usually effect industrial areas as well. Factories, small and medium size enterprises get affected even if they don’t get directly affected their logistic lines or their work force, their products or warehouses might get harmed. It damages every sector. When a disaster hits the society, the money that the society will spend gets less. Their purchasing power gets less. They fall into poverty abruptly and it damages economy. So that these disasters are kind of a development problem; economic problem. The future condition of industry is closely associated with climate change. According to meteorology engineer Professor Mikdat Kad?o?lu, if the carbon footprints of products that are produced in Turkey get smaller there will growth in exports. Turkey is a foreign dependent country in the field of energy. The more energy we use inefficiently the more we contribute to climate change. We increase the greenhouse gases. It’s going to make a way for current account deficit which places a burden on us. That’s why the energy must be used efficiently in the industry. The energy that is used for manufactured product must be parallel to overseas. For example, let’s say you produce cups with 10 units of carbon but a company in Europe produces the same cup with 5 units of carbon then the gap of 5 units of carbon is going to be a problem for Turkey in future. If we don’t do anything to decrease climate change, Turkey is going to be a freeloader country after 2020. And Turkey’s goods are going to be seen as defective goods. To find a solution for global climate change, authorities of industry, agriculture and population departments must work coordinately. We need to accommodate ourselves to it. Even if we stop carbon emission today. The carbon which is in the air will be effecting us the next 200 years. There is no way to stop it. What we can do? We can accommodate ourselves to it so that we can find a way to get less effected. It’s like “where should be erecting buildings so that if a flood(because of global climate change) hits us it doesn’t effect us.” “From which seashores we should step back so that the waves doesn’t effect our investments.” “What areas should we protect for agriculture so that we can be engaged in agriculture.” And also we need to decrease the harm we do to nature so that the effects of climate change might not be too effective on us. In 2014 summer, occupancy rate of the dams in Istanbul was too low and the same time the population was being increasing so that Istanbul had inadequate water basins. It’s another element to keep an eye on when making an urban planning. While making an urban planning, it must be planned by the population, industry, agriculture, soil structure and potential of water resources. For example, how much water can Istanbul’s water basins save? And how many people can consume it? Can it cover any industrial sector? If the water is too much you can prefer an industry which consumes too much water. If the water is low you can go for the opposite way. Climate change is also effecting farmers directly. Especially in Eastern Anatolia and Southeastern Anatolia region. In these regions the rate of rainfall will be decreasing9. The frequency of drought will be increasing. There might be some changes in product patterns which has been observed already. And because of that farmers get obliged to leave some products and try new products. They change the date of planting and harvesting of product. Some farmers see the climate change directly because they experience the consequences of it and they make changes according to that. They get affected directly and the people in big cities especially the poor people in big cities get affected and will get affected as well. If you realize the fact that rate of rainfall has got low lately you will also realize the fact that we will face the consequences of lack of water. On the other hand big cities are consuming too much water and it will lead us to a new water crisis. Farmers must use the water more efficiently. The infrastructure must be renovated. New seed technology must be developed. Also farmers must show some adaptation to change their agricultural behavior. They should plan the product patterns differently. They need to lower the number of yield loss. Also the state, the state should change the way of encouragement. Actually the resources are being consumed for agricultural encouragement but these resources must prioritized for the creating of future agriculture; arable and attuned to upcoming climate change agriculture. The Paris Climate Change Agreement, what does this agreement do and what does it mean for the world? The major achievement is that for the first time all nations agreed to reduce their carbon emission “as soon as possible” and to do their best to keep global warming “to well below 2 degrees Celsius.” If we can keep the temperature rise less than 2 degrees Celsius, we will have a good shot at avoiding the worst. The problem is that it’s not legally binding which means it does not create rigid time lines for countries to meet their pledges that are vary wildly from country to country -especially for the BRIC(Brazil-Russia-India-China) nations that are still developing and are understandably wary of sacrificing their own economic growth for the greater planetary good. That’s why pledges initially made aren’t anywhere near enough to meet the two degree goal10. But getting every country to commit to at least some kind of carbon reduction represents huge progress. Wealthier nations, basically the US and Europe are going to spend plenty amount of money in order to help poorer countries to develop clean power systems and reduce deforestation which is the second largest contributor to climate change after the burning of fossil fuels. A warmer Earth means a risk for humanitarian process and welfare. Climate change means more heating, more drought, more water shortage, more heat wave and decrease in agricultural output.Countries must start a work in order to decrease the greenhouse gas and must give up the energy policies that are build upon fossil fuels, especially on coal.So even though the Paris agreement did not do nearly enough to make sure the problem will be solved once and for all, the bottom line is that, by acting with one unified voice the governments of the world sent a message: that the days of burning fossil fuels will quickly be coming to an end. Companies like Shell, Exxon and BP and countries like Russia, Saudi Arabia and Iran are going to have to rapidly shift their revenue models toward clean energy, or risk being left behind. So that’s what the Paris Climate Agreement is all about.Climate change’s consequences can be planet threatening. Scientists still believe there are things we can do on a personal level to help: Recycle and reuse things, walk or use public transportation to get to work, turn off your electronics when you’re not using them, eat less meat and while you’re at it eat more locally grown vegetables and foods and last but not least spread your knowledge and concerns about climate change with others. When it comes to climate change the main takeaway is that it’s real and although we are part of the cause we can also be part of the solution.